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Re: [vox-tech] Changing data with awk
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Re: [vox-tech] Changing data with awk



Do any of these work?  It seems like all of them will break because
awk and perl are going to read a record at a time, where the record
terminator is a \n.  reproducing Richard's original problem

I think in perl you'd have to slurp the whole file (undef $\) then do
a regex in a loop finding X number of "^"s followed by a "\n"
memorizing the fields, then substitute the 6th field's "\n"s with
null, then join the fields back together.

Jay
----- Original Message ----- 
From: "Mark K. Kim" <lugod@cbreak.org>
To: <vox-tech@lists.lugod.org>
Sent: Friday, June 04, 2004 6:24 PM
Subject: Re: [vox-tech] Changing data with awk


> Field separator is not space.  BTW, found a better way:
>
>    awk -F^ '{OFS="^"; $6=gensub(/\r/,"<cr>","",$6); print}' test.dat
>
>            ...mark
>
>
> On Fri, 4 Jun 2004, Leo Rainer wrote:
>
> > In awk you can directly modify individual fields so this should work:
> >
> >    awk -F^ '{$6=gensub(/\r/,"<cr>","",$6); print}' test.dat
> >
> >          ...leo
> >
> > At 03:36 PM 6/4/04, Mark K. Kim wrote:
> > >Unfortunately that wouldn't work since Richard wants to modify the
column
> > >in the file, not strip it out at the same time he modifies it...
Unless
> > >you know of some way to re-insert the modified column back into the
file
> > >(I don't.)  Good try, though.
> > >
> > >I'm not an awk expert but I'd guess you could do something like:
> > >
> > >   awk -F^ '{$6=gensub(/\r/,"<cr>","",$6);
> > >            printf("%s^%s^%s^%s^%s^%s\n",$1,$2,$3,$4,$5,$6)}' test.dat
> > >
> > >I'm sure someone's got a better idea that putting all those %s's...
> > >
> > >-Mark
> > >
> > >PS: Then there's PERL... =P
> > >
> > >
> > >On Fri, 4 Jun 2004, Dylan Beaudette wrote:
> > >
> > > > > I have a large flat file generated by SQL Loader that I'd like to
mess
> > > > > around with; specifically, I'd like to replace all of the carriage
> > > returns
> > > > > in one field with some other character, since they're messing up
my data
> > > > > load.
> > > > >
> > > > > I figured I'd use awk, since it's a pretty powerful little tool
for
> > > > > getting right to the data.  If I use:
> > > > >
> > > > > $ awk -F^ {print $6} test.dat
> > > > >
> > > > > I get the field that I want.  But how do I change the characters
in that
> > > > > field and replace them in test.dat?
> > > >
> > > >
> > > > i recently had a similar problem: trying to convert
> > > > this:
> > > > 1<CR>
> > > > 2<CR>
> > > > 3<CR>
> > > > ...
> > > >
> > > > into this: 1, 2, 3...
> > > >
> > > > here is how i did it:
> > > >
> > > > append a comma+space to the end of each line with sed
> > > > then remove each CR using tr:
> > > >
> > > > sed -e 's/$/, /g' input_file | tr -d "\n" > output_file
> > > >
> > > > so something like this might do the trick:
> > > >
> > > > awk -F^ {print $6} test.dat | sed -e 's/$/, /g' | tr -d "\n" >
output_file
> > > >
> > > >
> > > > .. you would be left with one column of data that would have to be
> > > > re-instered into the DB, or added back to the original file.
> > > >
> > > > the command 'paste' might be helpful for appending the data to the
> > > > original...
> > > >
> > > >
> > > > good luck!
> > > >
> > > > Dylan
> > > >
> > > >
> > > > _______________________________________________
> > > > vox-tech mailing list
> > > > vox-tech@lists.lugod.org
> > > > http://lists.lugod.org/mailman/listinfo/vox-tech
> > > >
> > >
> > >--
> > >Mark K. Kim
> > >AIM: markus kimius
> > >Homepage: http://www.cbreak.org/
> > >Xanga: http://www.xanga.com/vindaci
> > >Friendster: http://www.friendster.com/user.jsp?id=13046
> > >PGP key fingerprint: 7324 BACA 53AD E504 A76E  5167 6822 94F0 F298 5DCE
> > >PGP key available on the homepage
> > >_______________________________________________
> > >vox-tech mailing list
> > >vox-tech@lists.lugod.org
> > >http://lists.lugod.org/mailman/listinfo/vox-tech
> >
> > _______________________________________________
> > vox-tech mailing list
> > vox-tech@lists.lugod.org
> > http://lists.lugod.org/mailman/listinfo/vox-tech
> >
>
> -- 
> Mark K. Kim
> AIM: markus kimius
> Homepage: http://www.cbreak.org/
> Xanga: http://www.xanga.com/vindaci
> Friendster: http://www.friendster.com/user.jsp?id=13046
> PGP key fingerprint: 7324 BACA 53AD E504 A76E  5167 6822 94F0 F298 5DCE
> PGP key available on the homepage
> _______________________________________________
> vox-tech mailing list
> vox-tech@lists.lugod.org
> http://lists.lugod.org/mailman/listinfo/vox-tech
>
>

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