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Re: [vox-tech] recovering /usr with dpkg
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Re: [vox-tech] recovering /usr with dpkg

On Sun, Jun 01, 2003 at 12:19:58PM -0700, Nick Donnelly wrote:
> I recently had a drive fail in one of my boxes.  Most of that drive was part
> of a RAID 5 array, so I will be able to recover that partition relatively
> easily.  My question is about recovering the /usr partition on that drive.
> All my other major system directories are on partitions on other drives, so
> I still have an intact /var/lib/dpkg/status.  I haven't used dpkg --audit
> previously, so  I am assuming when it discovers a fresh, completely empty
> /usr, it will mark pretty much everything as needing reinstallation  I have
> never had a package marked in need of reinstallation before. .  Where will I
> go from there?  What should my next command be?

Using dpkg --audit will not do what you want---its purpose is to identify
packages that are not fully installed. Missing files from installed packages
will not be found.

I have had situations like yours before. As I recall, I recovered by
reinstalling every package. (I just grabbed the list from dpkg -L, but if
dpkg is broken you could look for filenames in /var/lib/dpkg/info, remove
suffixes, then pipe through sort -u. Either way, proceed by saving the list
of packages to a file, then reinstal using 'cat package-list | xargs apt-get
install --reinstall'.) There is not much point in culling any packages from
the list because every Debian package has at least one item in /usr (even it
it is just the docs*).

* I believe Mike has a post in the archives somewhere about the excellent
  trick of recovering a missing /var/lib/dpkg by exploiting Debian's
  requirement that all packages must have an entry in /usr/share/doc.

Henry House
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for information.  My OpenPGP key: <http://romana.hajhouse.org/hajhouse.asc>.

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